Jiang Xiaowei / SHINE
Traditional Chinese medicine has proven to be of great help in relieving the symptoms of COVID-19 infection. Based on this, some Shanghai health and TCM officials have jointly issued guidance on using TCM for prevention and treatment.
Q: What is the role of TCM in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, especially COVID-19?
A: Not only did it improve symptoms and reduce the rate of severe cases, but it also showed effects in prevention, rehabilitation, and even psychological recovery.
Q: How can Shanghai residents choose TCM prescription to prevent COVID-19?
A: There are two types of TCM prescriptions recommended by local TCM authorities.
The first is a herbal tea for people to improve immunity. It includes astragalus (9g), dried reed rhizome (9g), honeysuckle (5g), perilla leaf (3g) and patchouli (3g). Elderly and infirm people can add ginseng (3g) and mint (3g).
Direction: Boil them in water.
The second are TCM decoctions for people living in closed areas for comprehensive prevention, such as Fuzhengkangyi prescription. It includes honeysuckle (15g), nepeta (9g), astragalus (10g), fangfeng (saposhnikoviae radix, 9g), patchouli (9g), radix isatidis (12g, or folium isatidis, 9g, or perilla leaf 15g), patchouli (6g), reed rhizome (30g), fried atractylodes (9g) and raw licorice ( 6g).
Instructions for use: One dose per day, decocted in water, 100 ml each time, twice a day.
Children and pregnant women should take under doctor’s instructions.
Q: What TCM prescriptions are recommended for high-risk groups?
A: People with fatigue and gastrointestinal problems are recommended to take Huoxiangzhengqi capsules or liquid.
Those with fever and fatigue can take Jinhuaqinggan granules, Lianhuaqingwen capsules (granules) or Shufengjiedu capsules (granules).
The dosage can usually be halved and the duration of treatment can be shortened to five days.
Children and pregnant women should follow the instructions of a professional.
Q: Are there any side effects of TCM? How are they treated?
A: People with weak digestive system may experience gastrointestinal discomfort and even diarrhea after taking TCM. To relieve the problem, they can take the medicine with lukewarm water and put three to four pieces of ginger in the decoction.
Q: What should COVID-19 patients pay special attention to after discharge from hospital? What can TCM do for better recovery?
A: They can have TCM concoctions and try food therapy. They can also do moxibustion, massage, home rehabilitation exercises to strengthen their physique.
If patients, especially the elderly, do not recover well at home, they can go to the recovery clinic for further treatment at a local hospital or seek medical advice through the online hospital service. .
Q: For COVID-19 prevention, are there any TCM exercises or massages recommended?
A: In addition to herbs and TCM decoctions, residents can also practice traditional exercises such as tai chi, Baduanjin (a form of qigong) and Yijinjing (tendino-muscle strengthening exercises).
In addition, doing massage (10 seconds each time, 8-10 times a day) on acupuncture points, such as Fengchi (on the neck), Yingxiang (on the face) and Hegu (on the hands) can also be effective.
Pregnant women, infirm people, old people with osteoporosis and people with skin infections should not do acupuncture point massage. Also, people should not do it after meals.
Q: For COVID-19 prevention, is there any recommended TCM aromatherapy?
A: 1. Bags.
Ingredients: Huoxiang (giant hyssop), wormwood leaves, Shichangpu (acori tatarinowii), atractylodes rhizome, angelica and star anise
Direction: Grind the above ingredients into a powder; put in a cloth bag (10-30g per bag); hang it indoors or in a crowded place, or carry it; change it once a week.
Ingredients: Huoxiang (giant hyssop) 6g, wormwood leaves 6g, angelica 15g, Shichangpu (acori tatarinowii) 9g, mint 6g
Directions: Boil the above in 1000ml of liquid, place in an atomizer and fumigate for 30 minutes with doors and windows closed, once or twice a day. Generally, one atomizer is enough for a room of 20-30 square meters, and the windows can be opened for ventilation after fumigation.
Allergy sufferers, infants, pregnant women and other special groups should use it under the instruction of TCM practitioners or pharmacists.